Benteng Kuto Besak which means Fortress of a Big City, is another landmark of the Palembang. The idea of development was initiated by Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin I, to defend his sultanate from the attacks of the European enemies. The actual construction was only realized by his prince Sultan Muhammad Bahaudin. It took 17 years to build the fort, the construction was completed by Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II.
The fortress is 290 meters in length, 180 meters wide and 9.99 meters high. It is the pride of the people of Palembang. The Kuto Besak fortress is the only fort built at the expense of the Palembang Sultanate; and the only modern fortress which has stone walls up to standards of a castle. The fort now houses commercial and tourist premises as well as the local military division.